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Conditions> Blackheads


First Health Medical Centre


  • Information

Blackheads are a symptom of acne also known as ‘open’ comedones:- a skin condition in which the pores of the skin become blocked. The pores of the skin are known physiologically as pilosebaceous units – the hair follicles and their accompanying sebaceous glands, which secrete the oily substance sebum.

Blackheads are normally caused by the overproduction of oil.

Sebum has a protective role in the skin, helping to keep it supple and hydrated. When sebum is overproduced, however, it can form plugs in the pores by clumping with epidermal cells that shed from the skin.

The plugs are known as comedones, with black-headed comedones known as open comedones; white-headed comedones (so-called whiteheads) are known as closed comedones. Blackheads are open to the air; the plug turns black because the sebum becomes oxidized, whereas whiteheads are not open to the air.

Following are types of Comedones – acne lesion:

  • Comedones – blackheads and whiteheads (noninflammatory acne)
  • Pustules (inflamed pimples with pus) and papules or nodules (deeper inflamed lesions that may be hard and painful and can involve more than one hair follicle)
  • Cysts (large nodules).


Causes of blackheads

There are many reasons why blackheads occur;

  •  Blackheads form as a result of excess sebum produced at the base of hairs, often as a result of hormone changes, especially during puberty.
  • Sebum contains a dark pigment, melanin, which oxidizes and turns black when exposed to the air; this is why blackheads have a dark appearance.
  • A number of persistent myths circulate about the causes of acne, the most outlandish of which is to link it with sexual activity.
  • There is some evidence that blackheads are more likely to arise when poor diet or disease leads to increased insulin levels, increased levels of IGF-1 and rapid growth of skin cells that lead to clogged pores.
  • Blackheads are also known as open comedones and are considered a mild form of acne unless accompanied by more severe types of acne lesions.
  • Simple blackheads do not normally cause pain or other symptoms, but the development of more severe acne can result in such symptoms, along with social and psychological effects.
  • Medical diagnosis involves physical examination to assess the number and severity of lesions. The psychological impact is also considered, especially for more severe acne.


At our centre we use several techniques to treat blackheads. Upon your consultation, our doctor will advise you of the best option for your individual case.


We offer a number of peels that are designed especially for spot-prone skin. Our doctor will be able to recommend the most appropriate peel depending on your skin type and condition. Our peels clear blackheads and other spots by sloughing away dead skin cells lead to fresh, healthy skin to be revealed.


Microdermabrasion produces a superficial depth of skin removal to help promote new skin cells and a healthy top layer of skin. The exfoliation process is carried out using a buffing and vacuum mechanism to remove stubborn blackheads and clear pores.

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desline Dee
desline Dee
10:23 17 Nov 21
I used the service to have fillers. Very impressed with the sensitive professional care I received. Dr Rizvi carried... out the procedure. She explained in detail what was involved, and ensured my comfort at all times. I'm very happy with the outcome. I feel I'm looking very fresh and natural...more like my old self which I haven't seen in more
Linda Goldsmith
Linda Goldsmith
08:41 16 Nov 21
I would highly recommend this clinic.Dr Rizvi makes you feel at ease, I am very happy with the results of the... treatments I have more
Tuli Vinny
Tuli Vinny
22:02 01 Nov 21
I used the clinic last week to have a mole removed from my face. Dr. F.Rizvi carried on the procedure. I was very... satisfied the way she explained the procedure to me,she was very clear and very friendly at the same time,she made me feel at ease as I was a bit scared. Over all I was very satisfied with the service and the outcome of the operation. Definitely recommend this more
Lucian de Lima Silva
Lucian de Lima Silva
13:35 16 Oct 21
The service at this establishment was very good and very professional. Dr Risvi made me feel comfortable and was very... efficient in the diagnosis and on the treatment given. Nothing to complaint, I would definitely return to this establishment in the future if more
Keith Hazell
Keith Hazell
17:44 11 Oct 21
My first visit and delighted by the care and reassurance I received before, during and after my minor surgery. I will... certainly return. Highly recommended and completely more
Martin Element
Martin Element
11:23 17 Sep 21
Incredible treatment and wonderful staff.Had sebaceous cist removed. Highly professional and talked me through it.... Painless procedure and very successful outcome..No hesitation in recommending. A perfect solution for treatments not available on the NHS.Very happy with cost which was transparent and agreed before more
Laurence Groom
Laurence Groom
22:07 17 Jul 21
What can I say about Dr. Rizvi. I read some of her outstanding reviews before meeting her but having had a session to... remove a couple of moles I can tell you words cannot do her justice.She is obviously highly skilled but also creates such a warm and caring atmosphere. You feel completely looked after and you can tell this comes from a place of her wanting to use her talents to help people in the best way she can. She truly is an incredible woman and I can’t recommend her enough!read more
Louisa Martinez
Louisa Martinez
12:05 15 Jun 21
What a wonderful caring sweet doctor. Professional and knowledgeable. I felt comfortable and respected. I was given... clear honest answers when I had questions. For the first time ever I was looking forward to seeing a doctor for the second time for stitches removal. I would highly recommend first health medical. The staff are all so friendly and accommodating. I’m still in awe with the doctor, she was just such a lovely woman with positive and warm energy, I felt in safe hands when I was having minor surgery. I can not praise this centre enough!read more
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